Allergy medications are available as pills, liquids, inhalers, nasal sprays, eyedrops, skin creams and shots injections. Some are available over-the-counter; others are available by prescription only. Here's a summary of the types of allergy medications and why they're used. Antihistamines block allergy, a symptom-causing chemical released by your immune system during an allergic reaction. Oral antihistamines, available over-the-counter and by prescription, ease a runny nose, itchy or watery eyes, hives, swelling, meds other signs or symptoms of allergies. Because some of these drugs can cause drowsiness and fatigue, take them with caution when you need to drive or do other activities that require alertness. Antihistamine nasal sprays help relieve sneezing, itchy or runny prescription, sinus congestion, and postnasal drip.
Was this page helpful?Prescription-strength antihistamines and decongestants are often the same strength as OTC varieties. Clarinex (desloratadine) is only available with a prescription. A leukotriene inhibitor is a prescription medication that blocks symptom-causing chemicals called leukotrienes. This oral medication relieves allergy signs and symptoms including nasal congestion, runny nose and sneezing. Only one type of this drug, montelukast (Singulair), is approved for treating hay fever. Allergy medications are not recommended for use in children under the age of two years without out the advice of a fzbv.fastpitch.pro this group, mild symptoms can be managed using non-drug methods such as saline spray for a stuffy or dry nose and/or a vaporizer/humidifier for congestion. If the allergy is in the form of a rash, emollient creams may offer some relief.
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Prescription Medications for Allergy Relief
Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial policy to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. National Institutes of Prescriptiion. National Jewish Health.
University of Maryland Medical Center. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.
Continue Reading. Related Articles. Coping With Allergies During the Spring. The Best Medications to Treat Allergies.
Some drugs target leukotriene receptors to reduce allergic symptoms. Nasal anticholinergics: A runny nose is a common complaint among those with allergic rhinitis. Anticholinergic nasal sprays reduce discharge from the nose, but though they do not relieve a stuffy nose. Decongestants: These relieve a stuffy nose by constricting blood vessels, which limits the amount of secretions coming from the inner lining of the nose.
They are available as nasal sprays, pills, and liquids. They don't relieve other allergy symptoms such as itching and sneezing. Immunomodulators: These are topical medications used to treat skin allergies. They are often used if other agents are ineffective or intolerable.
Autoinjectable epinephrine: This is used to treat a life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxiswhich may be caused by severe allergic response to foods, drugs, or insect stings. Allergy medication side effects.
The newer antihistamines are usually well tolerated but can cause drowsiness, dry mouth, and stomach problems. Nasal corticosteroids presvription cause nasal dryness or irritation, nosebleedthroat irritation, headachenauseavomiting, coughand fungal infections of the throat with long-term use. Mast cell stabilizers can cause a short-lived stinging sensation inside the nose.
Leukotriene inhibitors are associated with unusual weakness, upset stomach, earachedizziness, cough, headache, trouble sleeping.
Serious but unlikely side effects include flu -like symptoms. Nasal decongestants may cause a temporary burning, stinging, or dryness prescrition the nose, a runny nose, and sneezing. Oral decongestants may cause dizziness, headache, nervousness, fast heartbeat, increased blood pressureloss of appetite, and sleep problems.
Nasal anticholinergics can cause a bloody or dry nose, nasal congestiondry mouth and irritated throat, bad taste in the mouth, dizziness, and nausea.
Topical corticosteroids for skin allergies can cause burning, itching, redness, and changes to skin color and thinning of skin. Topical immunomodulators for skin allergies may cause stinging, burning, irritation, and itching at the application site.
They may also cause headache and flu symptoms.
What are the drug interactions for allergy medications? Other drugs that cause drowsiness, such as sleeping medications, narcotic pain medications, sedatives, muscle relaxants, antidepressants and seizure medications.
Allergy Drugs: Prescription, OTC, Side Effects & Interactions
Drugs with anticholinergic activity such as amitryptiline and other tricyclic antidepressantsantipsychotics like chlorpromazine, certain drugs to prevent vomiting prochlorperazine and promethazine. How Are Allergies Treated? Treatments may include: Antihistamines oral, nasal, topical Corticosteroids oral, nasal, topical Decongestants oral, nasal Saline nasal rinses Immunotherapy.
All drug classes - miscellaneous anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics 6 - antihistamines 13 - upper respiratory combinations 3 bu corticotropin 3.
Allergy medications: Know your options - Mayo Clinic
Off Label. Only Generics. Pregnancy Category A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy and there allergy no evidence prescription risk in later trimesters.
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are prescription adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There allergy positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience meds studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks. N FDA has not classified the drug. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.
Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or meds physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
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List of Allergies Medications (23 Compared) - fzbv.fastpitch.pro